Call us     +88029110246, +8801733332267 - 72            +61401043939, +610401224465            +353899742487
Email usinfo@eduaid.net

NEWS & EVENTS

Migration & visa related news

September 19, 2017

Global panel of scholars explains ‘merit-based’ immigration


In February, U.S. Republican senators Tom Cotton and David Perdue, with President Donald Trump, unveiled an immigration bill called the RAISE Act. It would create a “merit-based” points system for evaluating foreigners applying to come to the U.S. through an employment visa.

The senators said that in drafting it, they had looked to best practices for points-based systems like those in Canada and Australia. As Congress takes up the issue of immigration, let's see what the perspective of global network of scholars on how points systems work.


Kevin Johnson – University of California, Davis, United States

The RAISE Act would drastically reshape American immigration. It will also likely have the unintended consequence of increasing undocumented immigration.

Approximately one million immigrants are granted lawful permanent residence in the U.S. every year.

The RAISE Act would cut annual legal immigrant admissions by one-half, primarily by eliminating family-sponsored immigration visas for those who are not spouses or minor children of U.S. citizens and permanent residents. This would reduce the total number of family-sponsored green cards from 226,000 to 88,000. Cuts to family-based immigration would primarily affect prospective immigrants from Mexico, China, India, the Philippines and Cuba.

These changes would transform the overall U.S. immigration system from primarily family-based to employment-based. Under the current system, most employment-based immigrants are highly skilled and make up only about 14 percent of those who receive green cards.

Under the RAISE Act, employment-based immigrants would make up a majority of those who receive green cards. The bill would create new criteria for evaluating the most highly skilled applicants.

In the proposed points system, applicants would earn points for meeting certain criteria such as age (preference for person between ages 26 and 30), investing US$1.35 million in the U.S. and having a degree. Extra points are awarded for degrees earned in the U.S. and in a STEM field. Nobel Prize winners, professional athletes and English language speakers would also get extra points.

The bill also seeks to eliminate the Diversity Visa program, which allocates 50,000 visas a year for countries with low rates of immigration to the United States. In addition it would cap refugee admissions at 50,000, which would be the lowest ceiling set in modern U.S. history.

Halving legal immigration will likely increase the pressures for undocumented immigration. The current limits on legal immigration have already brought roughly 11 million undocumented immigrants to the U.S.

This is especially the case because the merit-based system will not address the high demand in the United States for low- and medium-skilled workers in the agricultural, construction and service industries.

Alex Reilly – University of Adelaide, Australia

In 2015-16, Australia accepted 189,770 permanent migrants through its skilled and family immigration streams. In addition, Australia permanently resettled just under 18,000 refugees and other humanitarian migrants. This has been the level of migration to Australia for more than 10 years, adding nearly 1 percent to the Australian population of 24 million every year. This is a considerably larger proportion than the U.S. admits through its migration programs.

Twenty years ago, more migrants came through the family stream than the employer stream. In 2015-16, 67.7 percent of migrants came through the skilled stream and 30.8 percent through the family stream. This change is a direct result of government policy prioritizing skilled migration because of its contribution to the economy.

However, these figures are deceptive, as numbers in the skilled migration stream include partners and dependents of primary applicants. So approximately half of all skilled migrants are actually family members of skilled migrants who do not have to meet the eligibility requirements of the primary applicant.

There are two pathways for skilled migration. The first, general skilled migration, requires applicants to have occupations on the skilled occupation list. Most of these skills are in professional areas such as medicine or engineering, or trades in demand in the economy such as plumbers and electricians. The list is updated regularly based on an assessment of Australia’s economic needs.

Visas for this group are awarded on a points system similar to what is being proposed in the U.S. Points are awarded for age, English language proficiency, skilled employment outside Australia, skilled employment in Australia and qualifications that are linked to occupations on the skilled occupation list. There are also points available for an Australian education, being accredited in a community language, studying in regional Australia, partner qualifications and completing a professional year in Australia. Although migrants in this skilled stream are highly qualified, they do not necessarily find employment in their area of expertise and many remain underemployed.

The second pathway is for skilled migrants with an employer sponsor. This pathway is open to migrants with wider range of skills and has the advantage of migrants being in guaranteed employment when they first arrive in Australia. Employers must demonstrate that they have a skilled position available, and that there are no Australians willing or able to take up the position. This requires employers to have advertised jobs locally before seeking migrants to do the work.

Almost all employer-sponsored migrants apply from within Australia, and 44 percent of independent skilled migrants also apply from within Australia, transitioning from temporary work, international student and working holiday maker visas. This reflects the very high number of temporary migrants working and studying on these visas in Australia – 750,000 in December 2016.

Mireille Paquet – Concordia University, Montreal, Canada

In 2015-2016, Canada admitted 271,845 permanent immigrants. Canada’s permanent migration inflows resemble those of Australia but are generally smaller than those received by the United States. Immigration is the largest contributor to population growth in Canada since the early 2000s.

The permanent immigration program is divided into three main streams: economic, family and humanitarian. The economic stream accounted for about 60 percent of the total permanent immigration to Canada in 2015-2016. Family made up 24 percent of the total immigration to the country. These proportions have remained relatively stable over the last 15 years, with economic immigration representing the largest share of those selected for permanent settlement in the countries.

The economic stream for permanent immigration is currently divided into several programs. The Federal Skilled Workers Program is often used as the flagship example of Canada’s approach to selecting immigrants in relation to their expected economic contributions. U.S. President Donald Trump has praised it on the grounds that it would create economic mobility for both native-born Americans and immigrants.

To be considered, candidates must meet baseline criteria for work experience, language proficiency in at least one of the two official languages – French or English – and education. Candidates are then assessed using a 100-point selection grid that considers factors such as education, experience, age, arranged employment in Canada and adaptability. Adaptability refers to spouse or partner language level, past work studies in Canada for the applicant and spouse or partner, and the existence of relatives in Canada.

To be eligible, a candidate must score 67 points or higher. The pool of eligible candidates are then ranked. The highest-ranking individuals receive invitations to apply for permanent residence. This system, called Express Entry, relies on a comprehensive ranking system that involves a total of 1,000 factors. The minister of immigration issues the number of invitations to be extended every month.

Despite a sophisticated assessment system, research demonstrates that immigrants to Canada still face challenges in finding jobs and achieving economic mobility in the short and medium term. Gender, race and geographic position in the country and employment sector are all factors that affect economic integration of immigrants to Canada.

[eduaid Newsdesk, Source: Click here to view the news]




More News

November 21, 2017

Economic Miracle of ...


November 20, 2017

UN tells Australia t...


November 20, 2017

One plus one makes m...


October 26, 2017

Migration Helps Fuel...


October 26, 2017

Young entrepreneurs ...


September 25, 2017

Here are the top 10 ...


September 20, 2017

White Australia Poli...


September 19, 2017

‘Australia’s going t...


September 19, 2017

Global panel of scho...


August 28, 2017

Skilled Migration to...


August 24, 2017

How Many Americans W...


August 24, 2017

Australians look to ...


August 17, 2017

Citizenship rules ma...


August 17, 2017

Kiwis, Japanese, Bri...


August 10, 2017

Trump looks to Austr...


July 24, 2017

State of the States:...


July 13, 2017

Immigration Departme...


July 12, 2017

How young, educated ...


July 11, 2017

Migrants are stoppin...


July 11, 2017

Census 2016 reveals ...


June 30, 2017

IMMIGRATION NEWS ALE...







April 27, 2017

Jodie van Deventer: ...


March 6, 2017

Why are the world's ...


December 19, 2016

VN, Australia sign a...


December 18, 2016

Baby boom saves West...


December 17, 2016

One in five Pacific ...


December 14, 2016

TIM STERN is joining...


December 3, 2016

Business Migration t...


December 3, 2016

Australia could doub...


November 18, 2016

Australia 'has plent...


November 16, 2016

10,000 Americans reg...


November 15, 2016

There's nothing to f...


November 11, 2016

Some Americans look ...


November 9, 2016

Australia may drop G...


November 8, 2016

Major changes propos...


November 4, 2016

Extra points for int...


October 25, 2016

Brexit: Google sees ...


September 23, 2016

Migration to Australia


July 20, 2016

Explainer: what is A...


June 20, 2016

Can an Engineer earn...








April 23, 2016

Melbourne named worl...


March 30, 2016

British public must ...


March 5, 2016

Why Australia needs ...


March 3, 2016

Sydney hosts the Big...


January 23, 2016

Migration Opportunit...


December 18, 2015

Australia ranks seco...


November 9, 2015

Australia Tops Educa...


October 31, 2015

Adelaide’s Lord Ma...


October 19, 2015

USA News: DHS propos...


October 14, 2015

UK News: Boris Johns...


October 1, 2015

Mapped: How the way ...


September 14, 2015

Why is EU struggling...


September 10, 2015

Australia - Boost fo...


September 8, 2015

International studen...


September 7, 2015

An Australian points...


September 4, 2015

Migrant crisis: One ...


September 3, 2015

Millionaires Migrati...


August 29, 2015

Migration the key to...


August 18, 2015

Australia claims fou...


August 14, 2015

Australia - What you...



July 30, 2015

International studen...


July 26, 2015

UK Visas and Immigra...


June 26, 2015

WHAT POTENTIAL SKILL...


June 25, 2015

Australia - Internat...


June 24, 2015

South Australia to b...


June 23, 2015

Immigrant ambassador...


June 20, 2015

Australia - Simplifi...


June 16, 2015

Integration report s...


June 15, 2015

'White, fat, and the...


June 14, 2015

Australia's successf...


June 10, 2015

New panel to tackle ...












April 30, 2015

Scholarships to Help...


April 29, 2015

Immigrants come to C...


April 27, 2015

Refugee crisis: Euro...


April 21, 2015

Five million visas i...


April 15, 2015

Chinese students fav...


April 13, 2015

Chinese one-third of...


April 12, 2015

Australia wants to b...


April 8, 2015

4 Ways International...


April 1, 2015

Queensland outshone,...


March 30, 2015

Australia's populati...


March 28, 2015

UC Berkeley first un...


March 27, 2015

European politicians...


March 25, 2015

'Wave-like' sculptur...


March 24, 2015

USA - Universities w...


March 23, 2015

Welcome event kicks ...


March 22, 2015

Law degree the new a...


March 21, 2015

Australia - Federal ...


March 18, 2015

Germany looks to Can...


March 16, 2015

Canada - Conservativ...


March 15, 2015

Asian Auckland: How ...


March 14, 2015

Australia - Pacific ...


March 12, 2015

Why the world is cra...


March 10, 2015

'Gidday mate' echoes...



March 7, 2015

Australia needs 250,...


March 5, 2015

Canada's Millionaire...


March 5, 2015

Foreign students 'vi...


March 4, 2015

Immigration main sou...


March 4, 2015

Australia - Court pr...


March 3, 2015

UK losing out to US ...


March 2, 2015

Record NZ migration ...


March 2, 2015

Record 900,000 inter...


February 28, 2015

A different immigrat...


February 28, 2015

International Ventur...


February 27, 2015

Canada - Critics cal...


February 25, 2015

Australia - Signific...


February 24, 2015

Australia boots out ...


February 16, 2015

Europe must open bor...


February 15, 2015

Canada losing lucrat...


February 13, 2015

NZ: International st...


February 12, 2015

New immigration rule...


February 11, 2015

How international st...


February 8, 2015

Why Canada’s immig...


February 8, 2015

Special migration pr...


February 8, 2015

Australia’s migran...


February 8, 2015

Quebec to launch con...


January 31, 2015

Regional Job Creatio...


January 31, 2015

Malaysian universiti...


January 29, 2015

International studen...


January 29, 2015

Overseas workers wil...


January 27, 2015

Demographic Trends: ...


January 27, 2015

Canada’s immigrati...


January 26, 2015

Australia Day Honour...


January 25, 2015

Mohammed determined ...


January 18, 2015

New Canada immigrati...


January 11, 2015

NSW - Fastest among ...


January 5, 2015

A Vast Migration Tra...


December 29, 2014

More than 62,000 peo...


December 28, 2014

Record number of asy...


December 24, 2014

Australian points-ba...


December 22, 2014

The speech that chan...


December 12, 2014

Call to change NZ im...


December 10, 2014

Study Shows Australi...


December 7, 2014

Australia migrant bi...


December 6, 2014

Who's been coming to...


December 5, 2014

Rising number of Ita...


November 26, 2014

Melbourne named the ...


November 18, 2014

Acceptable English t...


November 12, 2014

Commonwealth Exchang...


November 9, 2014

Cricket World Cup to...


November 2, 2014

Survey launched to f...


August 20, 2014

Melbourne is the wor...


August 19, 2014

Melbourne Crowned Fr...





June 22, 2014

Interstate migration...


June 22, 2014

Reaching out to new ...


June 22, 2014

Australia offers asy...


June 17, 2014

The Soccer Fan's Arg...


June 16, 2014

Australian Economic ...



June 15, 2014

Failed asylum seeker...








February 10, 2014

AU and NZ Remain Dre...


January 27, 2014

Australia's foreign-...


January 19, 2014

SA Liberals say attr...


January 12, 2014

Australian migration...


January 12, 2014

Morrison says skille...


November 29, 2013

DIBP Releases 2012-1...


November 19, 2013

Great news for Inter...


November 10, 2013

Increase in permanen...


October 12, 2013

DIAC changes name to...


August 30, 2013

Melbourne makes it t...






April 27, 2013

Australia to Continu...


April 26, 2013

Victoria calls for f...


April 10, 2013

PERTH is now home to...


March 12, 2013

Australia now has th...


March 12, 2013

If you're against im...


March 12, 2013

Australia Relaxes To...


December 3, 2012

Engineers - Get CDR ...


CONTACT US

eduaid - Asia Pacific
Australia Offices

Melbourne
Level 2 Riverside Quay
1 Southbank Boulevard, Southbank
VIC 3006
T: +61 3 9982 4458

Google Map - Melbourne, Australia

Sydney
Level 57, MLC Centre
19-29 Martin Place, Sydney
NSW 2000
T: +61 2 9238 6352

M: +61 (0) 401 224 465
      +61 (0) 412 586 958

Google Map - Sydney, Australia
eduaid - South Asia
Bangladesh Office

House 66-A (1st Floor), Road 8/A, Dhanmondi
T: +88 (02) 9110246
M: +88017 3333 2267 - 72

Google Map - Dhaka, Bangladesh
eduaid - Europe
Ireland Office
Apt 31, Wolfe Tone Lofts
Wolfe Tone Street
Dublin 1
T: +353899742487
Follow Us On